Mnemonics Flash cards (all subjects)

To understand a topic it’s necessary to observe and to learn it it is necessary to make mnemonics.

Write these mnemonics itself on NCERT so when ever you revise they will help you

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To remember the compounds of the Krebs cycle – citric acid, cis-aconitic acid, iso-citric acid, oxalosuccinic acid, alpha ketoglutaric acid, succinyl CoA, succinic acid, fumaric acid, malic acid, oxaloacetic acid.

C cis I O Alpha S² FMO

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To remember the order of Taxonomic Categories/ Hierarchy In Biological Classification – Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species.

“King Philip Came Over From Great Spain”

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:sparkles:Thnx sir :relaxed:

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To remember WBC sequence in terms of abundance – Neutrophils > Lymphocytes > Monocytes > Eosinophils > Basophils.

“Never Let Momma Eat Beans”

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To remember the types of enzymes –

Oxidoreductases, Transferases, Hydrolases, , Ligases, Isomerases, Lyases.

Over The Hill love is life

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To remember essential Amino acids –

valine
isoleucine
phenylalanine
tryptophan
threonine
histidine
Arginine
leucine
lysine
methionine

VIP TT HALL Me

Histidine and arginine are semi essential

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To remember stages of cell cycle and cell division –

Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase

I Prefer Milk And Tea

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Membrane covering Cell organelle mnemonics

  1. Single Membrane

    Peroxisome
    Endoplasmic reticulum
    Golgi bodies
    Lysosomes
    Vacuoles

    Ek single PEG lagvao be

  2. Double membrane bound organelle

Mitochondria
Nuclei
Chloroplasts

 **Multi National Companies have double tax**
  1. Non membrane bound organelle

    Ribosome
    Basal bodies
    Centrosomes
    Microtubules
    Microfilaments
    Cilia and flagella

    RBC MMC

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Vocal cords become thickened in adult males. Vocal cord is shorter and thinner in women.

Larynx has nine cartilage 3 are paired & 3 are unpaired

Mnemonic -

UnPaired

ETC

E Epiglottis

T Thyroid

C Cricoid

Paired

Cool AC

Cool Corniculate
A Arytenoid
C Cuneiform

TRACHEA (WIND PIPE)

It is 10-12 cm long tube with 2-3 cm diameter which arises from larynx and passes upto middle of thorax. Trachea is supported by 16-20 C-shaped incompleted cartilaginous rings and lined by ciliated pseudostratified mucous epithelium.

BRONCHI

Trachea divides into right and left primary bronchi. Left bronchus is about 5 cm long while right bronchus is only 2.5 cm long. Right bronchus almost directly enters the right lung. Infection of right lung is more common due to this.

Inside the lung, the primary bronchus divides into secondary bronchi, secondary bronchi into segmental bronchi and latter into bronchioles. All bronchi are lined by ciliated and mucus secreting pseudostratified epithelium and supported by incomplete cartilaginous rings.

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Pathway of respiration

No Nostrils

T Trachea

Boring Bronchi

Brain Bronchioles

Always Alveoli

NOT Boring Brain Always

The special mammalian features of respiratory system are:

  1. Presence of nose

  2. Elongation of nasal passage and its complete separation from buccal passage through palate. So, that interna nostrils open deep into nasopharyngeal part of pharynx.

  3. Long wind pipe due to presence of well-defined neck.

  4. Spongy, solid lungs

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Salivary glands and its ducts

PASS - So Rude Why

PArotid - Stensen Duct

Sublingual - Rivinus Duct

Submandibular - Wharton Duct

Parotid glands: These are the largest salivary glands. They

lie on the sides of the face, just below and in front of ears. Viral infection of parotid glands causing swelling and pain, is the disease called mumps.

Sublingual glands: These lie under the front part of the tongue

Submaxillary glands: These lie at the angles of the lower jaw. The submaxillary ducts, also known as wharton’s ducts open under the tongue.

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Gastric Glands –

The gastric glands are of three kinds:

(a) pyloric, (b) cardiac, and (c) fundus or oxyntic glands. They are tubular in character, and are formed of a delicate basement membrane, consisting of flattened transparent endothelial cells lined by epithelium.

Mnemonic -

Call of God

Call Chief Cell

Of Oxyntic cell

God Goblet Cell

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Endocrine part: the endocrine part of pancreas consists of groups of islets of Langerhans.

Hormones of pancreas -

Mnemonic -

Some Green Glu In Pan

Some Somatosatin

Green Ghrelin

Glu Glucagon

In Insulin

Pan Pancreatic polypeptide

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The exocrine part of the pancreas consists of rounded lobules (acini) that secretes with pH 8.4. About 500-800 ml of pancreatic juice is secreted out per day.

The pancreatic juice contains inactive enzymes- trypsinogen, chymotrypsinogen, procarboxypeptidases, amylases, lipases and nucleases.

Mnemonic - CT PLAN

C Chymotrypsinogen

T Trypsinogen

Р Procarboxypeptidase

L Lipase

A Amylase

N Nucleases

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Hormones from Duodenum.

Mnemonic -

Do En(In) SEConds

Do Duocrinin

En Enterogastrone

S Secretin

E Enterocrinine

C Cholecystokinin

A- Duocrinin -

Stimulate Brunner’s gland to secrete mucus

B- Enterogastrone

it inhibits gastric movements and secretions, possibly by blocking the production or activity of gastrin, Enterogastrone may slow down stomach emptying by reducing the amount of acid produced.

C - Secretin -

increase in the secretion of pancreatic juice & bile from liver.Secretin also inhibits the secretion of gastrin, which triggers the initial release of hydrochloric acid into the stomach, and delays gastric emptying.

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Zone of Blast Furance serially

Pa Ra SFOC (Blast furance)

PARAS SUFFOCATES IN BLAST FURNACE

Explanation

P: Zone of Preparation

R: Zone of Reduction

S: Zone of Slag Formation

F: Zone of Fusion

C: Zone of Combustion

Mnemonic to memorize the sequence to carry out the operations of arithmetic

There is a sequence in which we need to carry out arithmetical

operations.

This sequence can be memorized by the abreviation

@BODMAS

Explanation

B: BRACKET (PARENTHESES)

O: ORDER (i.e POWERS, SQUARE ROOTS, ETC)

D: DIVISON

M: MULTIPLICATION

A: ADDITION

S: SUBTRACTION

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CN (I). Olfactory
Sensory: sense of smell.

CN (II). Optic
Sensory: sight.

CN (III). Oculomotor
Motor: eye movement.

CN (IV). Trochlear
Motor: eye movement.

CN (V). Trigeminal
Both: sensation in face & chewing.

CN (VI). Abducens
Motor: eye movement.

CN (VII). Facial: Both
face expression & taste.

CN (VIII). Vestibulocochlear
Sensory: hearing & balance.

CN (IX). Glossopharyngeal
Both: secretion of saliva, taste & swallowing.

CN (X). Vagus:
Both: autonomic functions of heart, lungs & digestive tract.

CN (XI). Accessory
Motor: head, neck & shoulder.

CN (XII). Hypoglossal
Motor: tongue movement

mnemonic

SENSORY- 1,2,8 (128)

MIXED- 5,7,9,10 (पसंद)

MOTOR - rest all

  • LILIACEAE*

Lili papa ki pari h. Vo baalo m “tulip ka fool lagati h. Apne app ko ashwriya ('Aspergillus”) samzti h. Vo aloe vera ka facewash use krti h. Jiske karan uska chehra glow (“Glorious”) krta h. Lily hooka (“Yucca”) bhi peeti h, 'onion garlic* khati h. Fir Colgate (cholchicine) krke smile (smilax) krti h